Normativa UEEne. 14, 2011
UE: autoridad alimentaria informa sobre el uso de ascorbato de sodio como aditivo alimentario en preparaciones de vitamina D destinados a fórmulas y alimentos para lactantes y niños pequeños
Following a request from the European Commission, the Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources added to Food (ANS) was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on the use of sodium ascorbate as a food additive in vitamin D preparations intended to be used in formulae and weaning foods for infants and young children.
The petitioner asks for an extension of use of sodium ascorbate (E 301) for use in vitamin D preparations intended to be used in infant formulae and follow-on formulae as regulated in EC Directive 2006/141/EC, at a maximum use level of 100 g/kg (10%) in the vitamin D preparation. The petitioner indicated that the requested use of sodium ascorbate allows to provide a product which complies with a thousand-fold stricter microbiological limit for Enterobacteria and Enterobacter sakazakii in particular. The petitioner also indicated that the carry over of sodium ascorbate in the ready-for-consumption infant formulae and follow-on formulae is proposed to be limited to 1 mg/l.
Sodium ascorbate is already authorised as a vitamin C source for infant formulae/follow-on formulae (Annex III of Directive 2006/141/EC). According to Annexes I and II of this Directive, infant formulae/follow-on formulae are required to contain 2.5-7.5 mg/100 kJ vitamin C, which equals 62-221 mg/l vitamin C, and 5-14 mg sodium per 100 kJ, which equals 125-413 mg/l sodium.
Given that sodium ascorbate contains 11.6% sodium, it can be calculated that a maximum carry over of 1 mg/l sodium ascorbate, amounts to 0.12 mg/l sodium and 0.88 mg/l ascorbate.
Based on this observation and the fact that infant formulae are required to contain 62-221 mg/l ascorbate and 125-413 mg/l sodium, the Panel concludes that the maximum carry over of 1 mg/l sodium ascorbate (0.12 mg/l sodium and 0.88 mg/l ascorbate) from the use of sodium ascorbate (E 301) in vitamin D preparations would only marginally contribute to the vitamin C and sodium content of the finished products.
Therefore, the Panel concluded that the proposed extension of use of the food additive sodium ascorbate (E 301), intended to be used as an antioxidant for the vitamin D preparations for use in infant formulae and follow-on formulae, is not of safety concern.
Published: 22 December 2010