Actualidad nacional e internacionalAbr. 22, 2021
Objetivos, la política, la investigación y el compromiso internacional del Gobierno de Japón sobre cambio climático
The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries (MAFF) is the primary Government of Japan (GOJ) ministry responsible for addressing climate change in Japan’s agriculture, forestry, and fishery sectors.
MAFF sets and implements policy, funds and directs research, facilitates markets, and engages internationally in its efforts to mitigate and adapt to climate change. MAFF is already addressing the effects of climate change to agriculture and is preparing to address the predicted effects in the coming
decades. MAFF also implements policies, incentivizes production practices, and develops and makes available technology to avoid and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and increase carbon sequestration. In 2018, Japan’s agriculture, forestry, and fishery industries accounted for 4 percent of Japan’s GHG emissions.
MAFF is the primary driver and funder of agricultural and climate change research in Japan. MAFF, affiliated research institutions, and public universities are responsible for carrying out much of the research. Rice and horticultural products are important subjects of climate change adaptation research, while forestry, rice, livestock, and greenhouse horticulture are critical areas of mitigation study. Soil carbon sequestration, energy efficient agricultural machinery, and genome editing are other common areas of interest for climate related research in Japan.
Japan is not a significant producer or user of renewable biofuels, but biomass electricity generation is growing due to a feed in tariff designed to promote the use of renewable energy in electricity production. The GOJ aims for biomass to account for 3.7-4.6 percent of electricity generation by 2030. Japan’s bioethanol use in transportation matches its 2017 biofuel target, which will expire in 2022.
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