NoticiasDic. 15, 2011
Importación desde Bélgica va en aumento
Next season China’s apple import is estimated by the USDA to be 80,000 tonnes, which is 8 percent more than this year. Chile and the US are the two largest suppliers of apples. The import of pears is very limited, but is growing by 46 percent to 500 tonnes, with which Belgium has grown to be the the largest pear supplier by far with the Conference pear (342 tonnes).
The export of Chinese apples is growing on a yearly base by four percent to 110,000 tonnes. The Chinese export remains primarily limited to destinations in South-East Asia and Russia. The pear export decreases on a yearly base by more than 5 percent to 400,000 tonnes, mainly due to higher prices that are related to higher wages.
The Chinese production increase is mainly due to an increase of the area by 3 percent to 2.2 million hectares. The increase is in the West-Chinese provinces according to the reports. These provinces support their fruit growers by starting demonstration companies that teach the farmers how to grow quality fruit that meets the market demands.
Around 70 percent of the apple production is of the variety Fuji. Varieties well known to Europe such as Gala and Red Delicious, along with a group of Chinese varieties such as Guogang and Qingguan, form the rest of the production. The reports speak of a continual improvement of the quality of the production.
The pear production is estimated at 15.6 million tonnes, which is almost 4 percent more than the 15 million tonnes that was harvested in the season 2010-2011. The area decreased a little, which implicates that the production of the trees increased. The area is decreasing because farmers are switching to more profitable crops such as grapes and cherries.