Frutas y HortalizasNov. 3, 2011
Disminuye cultivo de frutas y hortalizas
France is a net importer of fresh fruit and vegetables: imports are bigger than the export.
France is also the most important transit country of Moroccan products, which via France find their way to all EU countries. The area of the fruit and vegetable cultivation in France is decreasing. Also the production shows a decreasing trend.
Import vegetables stable
France import annually between 1,600 and 1,700 million kg of fresh vegetables. The most important import vegetable is tomato. This is mainly because the export of Moroccan tomatoes to most European countries goes via France. The tomato import increased greatly in the period 2006-2009, but decreased again in 2010. The import from Spain, the most important country of origin of import vegetables in France, appears to have stabilised over the last few years. The Netherlands is in fourth position of vegetable exporters to France after Morocco and Belgium. France import Dutch vegetables mainly during the summer months. This is because an important part of the assortment imported from the Netherlands by France are glasshouse vegetables. Apart from glasshouse vegetables France mainly import onions, mushrooms and green cabbage.
Import of fruit increases
The import of fresh fruit in France has increased in the period from 2006-2010 from 2,678 to 2,912 million kg. Bananas, oranges and mandarins are the most important import fruit followed by pears and apples. The import of citrus has been reasonably stable over the last few years, around 1,000 million kg. The increasing volume in the fruit imports is thanks to pears, apples and exotics. Spain has by far the most important share of the fruit imports with 42 percent. The largest part of the fruit imports from the Netherlands is import fruit in transit. The Dutch fruit exported to France is mainly top fruit.
Export vegetables increases through re-export
The export of vegetables by France increased during the period 2006-2010 from 899 to 935 million kg. That is partly because of transit of imported vegetables, especially from Morocco. The top 5 export vegetables in France are tomato, cauliflower, dwarf beans, onions and carrots. Transit is important with Moroccan tomatoes. The other vegetables in the top 5 are mainly French product. Annually France exports between 210 and 220 million kg. of fresh vegetables to Germany, the largest export destination. The export to Spain, the second destination, has increased between 2006-2010 from 100 to 130 million kg. The export to Belgium and the United Kingdom decreased over the last few years.
Export of fruit fluctuates
In the period 2006-2010 the export of fruit from France fluctuated between 1,257 and 1,434 million kg. annually. The most important export fruit is apples, the export of which can rather vary from year to year. In the second place are bananas, a transit product. The banana export clearly shows an increasing trend in the period 2006-2010. Spain, the United Kingdom and Germany are the most important destinations for the export of fruit from France, followed by Italy, the Netherlands and Belgium. The French fruit export to the Netherlands is mainly apples.