Innovación, Investigación y SaludAbr. 23, 2018
Consumo de jugo de 100% fruta y calidad dietética en adultos franceses
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that the daily intake of “free sugars” be
limited to less than 10% of total energy intake for body weight control purposes . The WHO defines free sugars as all monosaccharides and disaccharides added to foods by the manufacturer, cook, or consumer, plus sugars naturally present in honey, syrups, fruit juices, and fruit juice concentrates.
The intake of sugar reported in the US  and many European countries  exceeds the WHO
recommendation, which can represent a significant challenge for many consumers.
The consumption of sugar is frequently blamed as a determining cause of obesity, particularly
in the form of sugar-containing beverages [4,5]. Several countries around the world have adopted
selective taxes in order to decrease their consumption, such as France  and Mexico . In addition to adding calories to the diet, sugar-containing beverages are also suspected of displacing the intake of other valuable foods (such as whole fruits) or beverages (milk) in the diet [8,9].
Nutrients 2018, 10, 459; doi:10.3390/nu10040459 www.mdpi.com/journal/nutrients
Nutrients 2018, 10, 459 2 of 13 It remains unclear whether all sugar-containing beverages have the same impact on the quality of the diet and body weight control . Among sugar containing beverages, some contain mainly added sugar (sodas) while others, such as 100% pure fruit juice (FJ), contribute nutrients along with sugar and calories. Many reviews have addressed the specific contribution of FJ to diet quality and weight control in children and adults. Hyson  reviewed observational and intervention studies examining consumption of pure fruit juice (PJ) and various aspects of health, including cancer, cardiovascular disease, cognition, hypertension, urinary tract infections, and body weight control.
This review, spanning about two decades of research from around the world, concluded that PJ contains bioactive components with potential to affect human health positively, notably in terms of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, improved lipid metabolism, cancer processes, and possibly body weight control, while insisting that more long-term clinical trials are needed to demonstrate clear outcomes and relevant mechanisms.
The absence of association generally reported between PJ consumption and adverse outcomes in terms of body weight in adults or children suggests that dietary compensation or other mechanisms associated with components in PJ might account for the lack of weight gain, even in protocols where PJ provided additional calories. Similar observations and conclusions were reported in reviews examining the contribution of pure citrus juice to diet quality and weight status [12,13]: in addition to a substantial contribution to the intake of many nutrients, consumption of citrus juice appears not to be associated with body weight in children, while a limited number of epidemiological studies support an inverse association between the intake of orange juice and anthropometric measures in adults. A recent meta-analysis suggests that FJ contributes positively to one’s diet and could help satisfy fruit requirements in adults and children .
The present report is based on a recent nationally representative survey of the French population, the “Comportements et Consommations Alimentaires en France” (CCAF) study conducted in 2016 by the Centre de Recherche pour l’Etude et l’Observation des Conditions de Vie (Research Centre for the Observation of Life Conditions, CREDOC). Its goal is to examine FJ consumption and its nutritional and health correlates, particularly in terms of quality of diet (intake of nutrients and potential displacement of specific foods such as whole fruits and dairy) and body weight status.
april 20, 2018