Frutas y HortalizasJul. 12, 2022
USDA/China: estiman un crecimiento del 8% en producción de cerezas en año 2022/23
Cherry production is estimated at 650,000 MT in MY 2022/23 (April-March), an increase of 8 percent from the previous year. Shandong, the largest cherry producer, suffered from high temperatures and drought during pollination, which is likely to cut provincial production by 20-30 percent. However, production gains in other cherry producing areas, especially in southwestern and northwestern provinces, will offset the production losses in Shandong.
Cherry production, including in greenhouses, is expected to continue rising in the next few years as new plantings begin bearing fruit. The lingering pandemic situation has had little impact on cherry farming and production, according to farmers. Logistics disruptions related to COVID, coupled with soaring fuel prices, have pushed up transportation costs, even domestically.
Fruit quality in MY 2022/23 is generally good except in Shandong where weather anomalies have resulted in smaller sizes and a sourer taste compared to the previous year. Cherry quality, especially size and appearance, has improved significantly over the past decade. However, spring frost and summer rain remains a potential threat to cherry production and quality in northern China. Traders also report ongoing challenges sourcing and aggregating cherries of uniform variety and quality from small orchards. Local cherries generally have a much shorter shelf life than their imported counterparts due to a lack of pre-cooling and refrigerated transportation.
While planted area remains stable in traditional cherry producing provinces such as Shandong and Liaoning due to government policies prohibiting the conversion of grain fields to fruit farms, cherry acreage continues to expand in western China. Local governments there have incorporated cherry planting in the poverty alleviation programs for farmers in less developed counties.
Cherries are reportedly the most profitable fruit in China and favorable market returns have triggered farmers in many provinces to grow cherries. For example, cherry production has expanded to Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Qinghai, and Xinjiang provinces. Currently, Shandong, Shaanxi, and Liaoning remain the top three cherry producers. Southwest provinces, led by Sichuan, form another cherry producing area. Most cherry growers operate on small orchards, but a few private companies have entered the business through land transfer programs. Private companies normally invest in greenhouse cherry production to target the premium market.
USDA/July 11, 2022VOLVER A NOTICIAS