Frutas y HortalizasOct. 14, 2021
EE.UU: crecerá producción de uvas (+9%) y duraznos (+13%)
Overall U.S. grape crop and California table-type grape production forecast up: The 2021 U.S. grape harvest in California and Washington—the only two States remaining in the USDA, NASS annual grape enumeration since 2018— is expected to be 6.47 million tons, up 9 percent from 2020, despite drought in California and high-heat conditions in both States. The harvest of California table-type grapes, which can be harvested for table grapes or juice, is expected to be 1.2 million tons, up 8 percent from last year.
The California Table Grape Commission forecast the table grapes harvest to be 0.97 million tons (1,947.5 million pounds) in 2021, up 1.5 percent from the previous year. The California table grape industry also experienced high heat this year. The Coachella Valley, in Southern California along the border with Mexico, completed its early-season harvest. Shipments from Coachella were down 17 percent this year compared to last year, and some industry observers believe that was due to the heat (figure 4). Shipments from Central California from May through August were 9 percent higher than last year, but the harvest will continue into December. So, the overall impact of the heat and other factors that can affect yield are not yet known (USDA, Agricultural Marketing Service shipment data compiled September 14, 2021).
Imports from Mexico, the main competitor to California in the early part of the season, were down 2 percent from May through August but total shipments (domestic and imported) during the same period were about 6 percent higher in 2021 than last year. California table grape prices were up every month compared with last year.
Peach production forecast up in top three States: In 2021, the total peach crop is expected to be up 13 percent from the year before (including fresh-market freestone peaches and processing clingstone peaches). If realized, this will be the biggest peach crop since 2017 (figure 5). In 2020, the biggest fresh-market producers were, in declining order, California (59 percent), South Carolina (21 percent), and Georgia (9 percent). The 2021 California freestone
production forecast is 270,000 tons, up 23 percent from the previous year despite drought and high temperatures. The California freestone peach industry is expecting a good crop this year with the harvest ending in mid-October. South Carolina is forecast up 10 percent and Georgia up 8 percent despite weather problems in both regions.
USDA, NASS only reports clingstone peach production for processing for California. The 2021 forecast is 240,000 tons, down 3 percent from the previous year. In contrast, the California Canning Peach Association reports their total 2021 crop was 225,476 tons, down 9 percent from last year’s harvest. The Canning Cling Peach Association, the cooperative bargaining association in the cling peach industry, reported the 2021 base price agreement was ratified
with processors at $518 per ton, up 4 percent from last year.
USDA/29 september 2021
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